All Entries
Marching Bands
The Nutcracker Suite
Girl Scout Cookies
Apple Pie
Job Interviews
The Spacesuit Film
A Sense-of-Wonderful Century
Space Films Before 1950
What Is an Animated Movie?
2001: A Space Odyssey
St. Elsewhere
An Alien Abroad
The Sky Is Appalling
A Modem Utopia
Big Dumb Opticals
Surprising Sci-Fi Soul Brothers
A Day in a Working Life
William Gibson
William Gibson Bibliography
Arthur C. Clarke
Eaton Conference History
Inside the Eaton Collection
Eaton Links
Frank McConnell Book
Best of Eaton
George Slusser Conference
Science Fiction Quotations
Quoted Authors
Popular Topics
The Future
Unverified Quotations
Radio Interview
Greenwood Encyclopedia
Cosmic Engineers
The Mechanics of Wonder
Hugo Gernsback
Science Fiction, Children's Literature, and Popular Culture
Islands in the Sky
The Other Side of the Sky
The Endless Frontier
Arguing with Idiots
Superladies in Waiting: Part 1
Superladies in Waiting: Part 2
Superladies in Waiting: Part 3
Who Governs Science Fiction?
What SF Leaves Out of the Future (4 Parts)
Part 1: No News is Good News?
Part 2: The Day After Tomorrow
Part 3: All Work and No Play
Part 4: No Bark and No Bite
How to Make Big Money
Earth Abides
J.G. Ballard
Men into Space
Technocracy and Plutocracy
H.G. Wells
Chris Foss
Full Spectrum 4
Hugo Gernsback
The Norton Book of Science Fiction
Writings of Passage
Realm of the Enchanted Unicorn
Captain Marvel
Definitions of Science Fiction
Field of Dreams
The Incredible Hulk
Interactive Fantasy
Mario Brothers
Ali Mirdrekvandi
Ronald McDonald
Series Fiction
Wonder Woman
Radio Interview (Quotations)
Time Travel Inverview
Homo aspergerus Interview
Robots Interview
America's Second Marshall Plan
A Review of The Little Book of Coaching
My Life as a Court Jester
My Wedding Toast
Westfahl at Wikipedia
Westfahl in the SFE
Westfahl Entry
Westfahl Links
Cosmic Engineers: A Study of Hard Science Fiction, by Gary Westfahl. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1996. 148 pp.

Cosmic Engineers: A Study of Hard Science Fiction
This was the first book I ever published (though not the first book I wrote), and it remains in print to this date. The book came about because David N. Samuelson invited me to contribute an article to a special issue of Science-Fiction Studies he was guest-editing about hard science fiction, inspiring me to write such a lengthy article that I eventually had to split it into two articles (one appeared in Science-Fiction Studies, and the other was published in Damon Knight's Monad: Essays on Science Fiction). Still interested in the topic, I continued expanding the original article until it was long enough to be published as a book.

Here is the publisher's description of the book, and here is its Table of Contents:

1. Introduction
2. "Science Fiction vs. Science Faction": Early Efforts to Define Scientific Science Fiction
3. "The Closely Reasoned Technological Story": The Development of the Idea of Hard Science Fiction
4. "Treating the Whole Thing as a Game": Hard Science Fiction as Seen by Its Writers
5. "The Best `Hard' Science Fiction of Its Day": An Inquiry into the Origins of Hard Science Fiction
6. "He Was Part of Mankind": Arthur C. Clarke's A Fall of Moondust
7. "Like Something Living": Hal Clement's Mission of Gravity
8. "Gazing Out at Infinity": Charles Sheffield's Between the Strokes of Night
9. Conclusion

My original article on hard science fiction, published in the July, 1993 issue of Science-Fiction Studies and essentially a condensed version of chapters two through five, is available at the journal's website:

"'The Closely Reasoned Technological Story': The Critical History of Hard Science Fiction." Science-Fiction Studies, 20 (July 1993), 157–175.

To contact us about encyclopedia matters, send an email to Gary Westfahl.
If you find any Web site errors, typos or other stuff worth mentioning, please send it to our Webmaster.
Copyright © 1999–2018 Gary Westfahl All Rights Reserved Worldwide

Hosted & Designed By:
SF Site spot art